|Columbus Memorial, South Phill|
|St. Peter's Church, est. 1791|
I had originally read about the story in Tom Keel's book, Philadelphia Graveyards and Cemeteries, and was kind of surprised to actually see more evidence of it on a sign in the graveyard itself. In our continued effort to take land away from the Native Americans, the late 1700s saw pioneering expansion of the land west of the Ohio River. Several Indian tribes from the area were, naturally, against it.
|Excerpt from sign in st. Peter's Cemetery|
Here's how the sign in St. Peter's Cemetery tells the story:
"In January of 1793, a delegation of tribal chieftains from what are now Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Michigan arrived in Philadelphia, the U.S. capital. The Indians had been invited by President George Washington to a Peace Council to resolve boundary disputes in the newly created Northwest Territory. No agreement was reached at this time and war followed. The Indians were defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794." (ref.)
|Godd ol' USAir flying over 'our' amber waves of grain.|
References and Further Readings:
Does "Indian" derive from Columbus's description of Native Americans?
St. Peter's Church, Philadelphia, PA
Find A Grave site related to the seven Indian Chiefs in St. Peter's Cemetery smallpox
Philadelphia Graveyards and Cemeteries, by Tom Keels